HIPAA 是《健康保险流通与责任法案》。 制定 HIPAA 是为了提高医疗保健系统的效率和有效性，并建立美国联邦安全标准来保护受保护的健康信息 (PHI) 的安全和隐私。
HIPAA is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. HIPAA was enacted to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the health care system and establishes federal security standards to protect the security and privacy of Protected Health Information (PHI).
Categories of PHI Identifiers
Names Geographic subdivisions smaller than a state, such as a street address, city, county, or full zip code Dates directly relating to an individual, including a birth date, admission date, discharge date, and date of death Telephone numbers Fax numbers Email addresses Social Security numbers Medical Record numbers Health insurance beneficiary numbers Account numbers Certificate or license numbers Vehicle identifiers and serial numbers Device identifiers and serial numbers Web URL IP Addresses Biometric identifiers, including finger and voice prints Full-face photographs and any comparable images Any other unique identifying number, characteristic or code